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PARADISE LOST

BOOK XI


XI-1. Thus they in lowliest plight repentant stood / Praying, for from the Mercie-seat above / Prevenient Grace descending had remov'd / The stonie from thir hearts, and made new flesh

XI-5. Regenerate grow instead, that sighs now breath'd / Unutterable, which the Spirit of prayer / Inspir'd, and wing'd for Heav'n with speedier flight

XI-8. Then loudest Oratorie: yet thir port / Not of mean suiters, nor important less / Seem'd thir Petition, then when th' ancient Pair / In Fables old, less ancient yet then these, / Deucalion and chaste Pyrrha to restore / The Race of Mankind drownd, before the Shrine

XI-14. Of Themis stood devout. To Heav'n thir prayers / Flew up, nor missd the way, by envious windes / Blow'n vagabond or frustrate: in they passd / Dimentionless through Heav'nly dores; then clad / With incense, where the Golden Altar fum'd, / By thir great Intercessor, came in sight / Before the Fathers Throne: Them the glad Son / Presenting, thus to intercede began.

XI-22. See Father, what first fruits on Earth are sprung / From thy implanted Grace in Man, these Sighs / And Prayers, which in this Golden Censer, mixt / With Incense, I thy Priest before thee bring,

XI-26. Fruits of more pleasing savour from thy seed / Sow'n with contrition in his heart, then those / Which his own hand manuring all the Trees / Of Paradise could have produc't, ere fall'n

XI-30. From innocence. Now therefore bend thine eare / To supplication, heare his sighs though mute;

XI-32. Unskilful with what words to pray, let mee

XI-33. Interpret for him, mee his Advocate / And propitiation, all his works on mee / Good or not good ingraft, my Merit those / Shall perfet, and for these my Death shall pay.

XI-37. Accept me, and in mee from these receave / The smell of peace toward Mankinde, let him live / Before thee reconcil'd, at least his days

XI-40. Numberd, though sad, till Death, his doom (which I / To mitigate thus plead, not to reverse)

XI-42. To better life shall yeeld him, where with mee

XI-43. All my redeemd may dwell in joy and bliss, / Made one with me as I with thee am one.

XI-45. To whom the Father, without Cloud, serene. / All thy request for Man, accepted Son,

XI-47. Obtain, all thy request was my Decree:

XI-48. But longer in that Paradise to dwell, / The Law I gave to Nature him forbids:

XI-50. Those pure immortal Elements that know / No gross, no unharmoneous mixture foule, / Eject him tainted now, and purge him off / As a distemper, gross to aire as gross,

XI-54. And mortal food, as may dispose him best / For dissolution wrought by Sin, that first / Distemperd all things, and of incorrupt

XI-57. Corrupted. I at first with two fair gifts / Created him endowd, with Happiness

XI-59. And Immortalitie: that fondly lost, / This other serv'd but to eternize woe;

XI-61. Till I provided Death; so Death becomes

XI-62. His final remedie, and after Life / Tri'd in sharp tribulation, and refin'd / By Faith and faithful works, to second Life, / Wak't in the renovation of the just, / Resignes him up with Heav'n and Earth renewd.

XI-67. But let us call to Synod all the Blest / Through Heav'ns wide bounds; from them I will not hide / My judgments, how with Mankind I proceed,

XI-70. As how with peccant Angels late they saw; / And in thir state, though firm, stood more confirmd.

XI-72. He ended, and the Son gave signal high / To the bright Minister that watchd, hee blew

XI-74. His Trumpet, heard in Oreb since perhaps / When God descended, and perhaps once more / To sound at general Doom. Th' Angelic blast

XI-77. Filld all the Regions: from thir blissful Bowrs

XI-78. Of Amarantin Shade, Fountain or Spring, / By the waters of Life, where ere they sate

XI-80. In fellowships of joy: the Sons of Light / Hasted, resorting to the Summons high, / And took thir Seats; till from his Throne supream / Th' Almighty thus pronouncd his sovran Will.

XI-84. O Sons, like one of us Man is become / To know both Good and Evil, since his taste

XI-86. Of that defended Fruit; but let him boast / His knowledge of Good lost, and Evil got,

XI-88. Happier, had suffic'd him to have known / Good by it self, and Evil not at all.

XI-90. He sorrows now, repents, and prayes contrite, / My motions in him, longer then they move,

XI-92. His heart I know, how variable and vain

XI-93. Self-left. Least therefore his now bolder hand / Reach also of the Tree of Life, and eat, / And live for ever, dream at least to live / For ever, to remove him I decree,

XI-97. And send him from the Garden forth to Till / The Ground whence he was taken, fitter soile.

XI-99. Michael, this my behest have thou in charge, / Take to thee from among the Cherubim / Thy choice of flaming Warriours, least the Fiend / Or in behalf of Man, or to invade / Vacant possession som new trouble raise: / Hast thee, and from the Paradise of God / Without remorse drive out the sinful Pair, / From hallowd ground th' unholie, and denounce / To them and to thir Progenie from thence

XI-108. Perpetual banishment. Yet least they faint / At the sad Sentence rigorously urg'd, / For I behold them softn'd and with tears / Bewailing thir excess, all terror hide. / If patiently thy bidding they obey,

XI-113. Dismiss them not disconsolate; reveale / To Adam what shall come in future dayes, / As I shall thee enlighten, intermix / My Cov'nant in the womans seed renewd;

XI-117. So send them forth, though sorrowing, yet in peace:

XI-118. And on the East side of the Garden place, / Where entrance up from Eden easiest climbes,

XI-120. Cherubic watch, and of a Sword the flame / Wide waving, all approach farr off to fright, / And guard all passage to the Tree of Life:

XI-123. Least Paradise a receptacle prove / To Spirits foule, and all my Trees thir prey, / With whose stol'n Fruit Man once more to delude.

XI-126. He ceas'd; and th' Archangelic Power prepar'd / For swift descent, with him the Cohort bright

XI-128. Of watchful Cherubim; four faces each / Had, like a double Janus, all thir shape / Spangl'd with eyes more numerous then those / Of Argus, and more wakeful then to drouze, / Charm'd with Arcadian Pipe, the Pastoral Reed / Of Hermes, or his opiate Rod. Mean while

XI-134. To resalute the World with sacred Light / Leucothea wak'd, and with fresh dews imbalmd / The Earth, when Adam and first Matron Eve / Had ended now thir Orisons, and found, / Strength added from above, new hope to spring / Out of despaire, joy, but with fear yet linkt; / Which thus to Eve his welcome words renewd.

XI-141. Eve, easily may Faith admit, that all / The good which we enjoy, from Heav'n descends;

XI-143. But that from us ought should ascend to Heav'n / So prevalent as to concerne the mind / Of God high-blest, or to incline his will,

XI-146. Hard to belief may seem; yet this will Prayer, / Or one short sigh of humane breath, up-borne

XI-148. Ev'n to the Seat of God. For since I saught / By Prayer th' offended Deitie to appease, / Kneel'd and before him humbl'd all my heart, / Methought I saw him placable and mild,

XI-152. Bending his eare; perswasion in me grew / That I was heard with favour; peace returnd / Home to my brest, and to my memorie

XI-155. His promise, that thy Seed shall bruise our Foe; / Which then not minded in dismay, yet now / Assures me that the bitterness of death

XI-158. Is past, and we shall live. Whence Haile to thee, / Eve rightly call'd, Mother of all Mankind, / Mother of all things living, since by thee / Man is to live, and all things live for Man.

XI-162. To whom thus Eve with sad demeanour meek. / Ill worthie I such title should belong

XI-164. To me transgressour, who for thee ordaind / A help, became thy snare; to mee reproach / Rather belongs, distrust and all dispraise:

XI-167. But infinite in pardon was my Judge, / That I who first brought Death on all, am grac't / The sourse of life; next favourable thou, / Who highly thus to entitle me voutsaf'st, / Farr other name deserving. But the Field / To labour calls us now with sweat impos'd,

XI-173. Though after sleepless Night; for see the Morn, / All unconcern'd with our unrest, begins / Her rosie progress smiling; let us forth,

XI-176. I never from thy side henceforth to stray, / Wherere our days work lies, though now enjoind

XI-178. Laborious, till day droop; while here we dwell, / What can be toilsom in these pleasant Walkes? / Here let us live, though in fall'n state, content.

XI-181. So spake, so wish'd much-humbl'd Eve, but Fate

XI-182. Subscrib'd not; Nature first gave Signs, imprest / On Bird, Beast, Aire, Aire suddenly eclips'd / After short blush of Morn; nigh in her sight

XI-185. The Bird of Jove, stoopt from his aerie tour, / Two Birds of gayest plume before him drove:

XI-187. Down from a Hill the Beast that reigns in Woods, / First hunter then, pursu'd a gentle brace, / Goodliest of all the Forrest, Hart and Hinde; 190. Direct to th' Eastern Gate was bent thir flight. / Adam observ'd, and with his Eye the chase / Pursuing, not unmov'd to Eve thus spake.

XI-193. O Eve, some furder change awaits us nigh, / Which Heav'n by these mute signs in Nature shews

XI-195. Forerunners of his purpose, or to warn

XI-196. Us haply too secure of our discharge / From penaltie, because from death releast / Some days; how long, and what till then our life, / Who knows, or more then this, that we are dust, / And thither must return and be no more.

XI-201. Why else this double object in our sight / Of flight pursu'd in th' Air and ore the ground / One way the self-same hour? why in the East

XI-204. Darkness ere Dayes mid-course, and Morning light

XI-205. More orient in yon Western Cloud that draws / O're the blew Firmament a radiant white, / And slow descends, with somthing heav'nly fraught.

XI-208. He err'd not, for by this the heav'nly Bands / Down from a Skie of Jasper lighted now / In Paradise, and on a Hill made alt,

XI-211. A glorious Apparition, had not doubt / And carnal fear that day dimm'd Adams eye. / Not that more glorious, when the Angels met / Jacob in Mahanaim, where he saw / The field Pavilion'd with his Guardians bright; / Nor that which on the flaming Mount appeerd / In Dothan, cover'd with a Camp of Fire, / Against the Syrian King, who to surprize / One man, Assassin-like had levied Warr,

XI-220. Warr unproclam'd. The Princely Hierarch / In thir bright stand, there left his Powers to seise / Possession of the Garden; hee alone, / To find where Adam shelterd, took his way, / Not unperceav'd of Adam, who to Eve, / While the great Visitant approachd, thus spake.

XI-226. Eve, now expect great tidings, which perhaps / Of us will soon determin, or impose / New Laws to be observ'd; for I descrie / From yonder blazing Cloud that veils the Hill / One of the heav'nly Host, and by his Gate / None of the meanest, some great Potentate / Or of the Thrones above, such Majestie / Invests him coming? yet not terrible, / That I should fear, nor sociably mild, / As Raphael, that I should much confide,

XI-236. But solemn and sublime, whom not to offend, / With reverence I must meet, and thou retire.

XI-238. He ended; and th' Arch-Angel soon drew nigh, / Not in his shape Celestial, but as Man / Clad to meet Man; over his lucid Armes / A militarie Vest of purple flowd / Livelier then Melibœan, or the graine / Of Sarra, worn by Kings and Hero's old / In time of Truce; Iris had dipt the wooff;

XI-245. His starrie Helme unbuckl'd shew'd him prime / In Manhood where Youth ended; by his side

XI-247. As in a glistering Zodiac hung the Sword, / Satans dire dread, and in his hand the Spear.

XI-249. Adam bowd low, hee Kingly from his State / Inclin'd not, but his coming thus declar'd.

XI-251. Adam, Heav'ns high behest no Preface needs:

XI-252. Sufficient that thy Prayers are heard, and Death, / Then due by sentence when thou didst transgress, / Defeated of his seisure many dayes / Giv'n thee of Grace, wherein thou may'st repent, / And one bad act with many deeds well done

XI-257. Mayst cover: well may then thy Lord appeas'd / Redeem thee quite from Deaths rapacious claime;

XI-259. But longer in this Paradise to dwell / Permits not; to remove thee I am come, / And send thee from the Garden forth to till / The ground whence thou wast tak'n, fitter Soile.

XI-263. He added not, for Adam at the newes / Heart-strook with chilling gripe of sorrow stood, / That all his senses bound; Eve, who unseen / Yet all had heard, with audible lament / Discover'd soon the place of her retire.

XI-268. O unexpected stroke, worse then of Death!

XI-269. Must I thus leave thee Paradise? thus leave / Thee Native Soile, these happie Walks and Shades, / Fit haunt of Gods? where I had hope to spend, / Quiet though sad, the respit of that day / That must be mortal to us both. O flours,

XI-274. That never will in other Climate grow,

XI-275. My early visitation, and my last / At Eev'n, which I bred up with tender hand / From the first op'ning bud, and gave ye Names,

XI-278. Who now shall reare ye to the Sun, or ranke / Your Tribes, and water from th' ambrosial Fount?

XI-280. Thee lastly nuptial Bowre, by mee adornd / With what to sight or smell was sweet; from thee

XI-282. How shall I part, and whither wander down / Into a lower World, to this obscure

XI-284. And wilde, how shall we breath in other Aire / Less pure, accustomd to immortal Fruits?

XI-286. Whom thus the Angel interrupted milde.

XI-287. Lament not Eve, but patiently resigne / What justly thou hast lost; nor set thy heart, / Thus over-fond, on that which is not thine; / Thy going is not lonely, with thee goes / Thy Husband, him to follow thou art bound; / Where he abides, think there thy native soile.

XI-293. Adam by this from the cold sudden damp / Recovering, and his scatterd spirits returnd, / To Michael thus his humble words addressd.

XI-296. Celestial, whether among the Thrones, or nam'd / Of them the Highest, for such of shape may seem

XI-298. Prince above Princes, gently hast thou tould / Thy message, which might else in telling wound,

XI-300. And in performing end us; what besides / Of sorrow and dejection and despair / Our frailtie can sustain, thy tidings bring,

XI-303. Departure from this happy place, our sweet / Recess, and onely consolation left

XI-305. Familiar to our eyes, all places else / Inhospitable appeer and desolate, / Nor knowing us nor known: and if by prayer

XI-308. Incessant I could hope to change the will / Of him who all things can, I would not cease / To wearie him with my assiduous cries:

XI-311. But prayer against his absolute Decree / No more availes then breath against the winde, / Blown stifling back on him that breaths it forth: / Therefore to his great bidding I submit.

XI-315. This most afflicts me, that departing hence, / As from his face I shall be hid, deprivd

XI-317. His blessed count'nance; here I could frequent, / With worship, place by place where he voutsaf'd / Presence Divine, and to my Sons relate; / On this Mount he appeerd, under this Tree / Stood visible, among these Pines his voice / I heard, here with him at this Fountain talk'd: / So many grateful Altars I would reare / Of grassie Terfe, and pile up every Stone / Of lustre from the brook, in memorie, / Or monument to Ages, and thereon / Offer sweet smelling Gumms and Fruits and Flours:

XI-328. In yonder nether World where shall I seek / His bright appearances, or foot step-trace?

XI-330. For though I fled him angrie, yet recall'd / To life prolongd and promisd Race, I now / Gladly behold though but his utmost skirts / Of glory, and farr off his steps adore.

XI-334. To whom thus Michael with regard benigne. / Adam, thou know'st Heav'n his, and all the Earth.

XI-336. Not this Rock onely; his Omnipresence fills / Land, Sea, and Aire, and every kinde that lives, / Fomented by his virtual power and warmd:

XI-339. All th' Earth he gave thee to possess and rule, / No despicable gift; surmise not then / His presence to these narrow bounds confin'd

XI-342. Of Paradise or Eden: this had been / Perhaps thy Capital Seate, from whence had spred / All generations, and had hither come / From all the ends of th' Earth, to celebrate / And reverence thee thir great Progenitor.

XI-347. But this prĉeminence thou hast lost, brought down / To dwell on eeven ground now with thy Sons:

XI-349. Yet doubt not but in Vallie and in Plaine / God is as here, and will be found alike / Present, and of his presence many a signe / Still following thee, still compassing thee round / With goodness and paternal Love, his Face / Express, and of his steps the track Divine.

XI-355. Which that thou mayst beleeve, and be confirmd / Ere thou from hence depart, know I am sent / To shew thee what shall come in future dayes

XI-358. To thee and to thy Ofspring; good with bad

XI-359. Expect to hear, supernal Grace contending / With sinfulness of Men; thereby to learn

XI-361. True patience, and to temper joy with fear / And pious sorrow, equally enur'd / By moderation either state to beare, / Prosperous or adverse: so shalt thou lead

XI-365. Safest thy life, and best prepar'd endure / Thy mortal passage when it comes. Ascend

XI-367. This Hill; let Eve (for I have drencht her eyes)

XI-368. Here sleep below while thou to foresight wak'st, / As once thou slepst, while Shee to life was formd.

XI-370. To whom thus Adam gratefully repli'd. / Ascend, I follow thee, safe Guide, the path / Thou lead'st me, and to the hand of Heav'n submit, / However chast'ning, to the evil turne / My obvious breast, arming to overcom / By suffering, and earne rest from labour won, / If so I may attain. So both ascend

XI-377. In the Visions of God: It was a Hill / Of Paradise the highest, from whose top / The Hemisphere of Earth in cleerest Ken / Stretcht out to amplest reach of prospect lay.

XI-381. Not higher that Hill nor wider looking round, / Whereon for different cause the Tempter set / Our second Adam in the Wilderness,

XI-384. To shew him all Earths Kingdomes and thir Glory.

XI-385. His Eye might there command wherever stood / City of old or modern Fame, the Seat / Of mightiest Empire, from the destind Walls

XI-388. Of Cambalu, seat of Cathaian Can / And Samarchand by Oxus, Temirs Throne, / To Paquin of Sinĉan Kings, and thence

XI-391. To Agra and Lahor of great Mogul

XI-392. Down to the golden Chersonese, or where

XI-393. The Persian in Ecbatan sate, or since

XI-394. In Hispahan, or where the Russian Ksar

XI-395. In Mosco, or the Sultan in Bizance, / Turchestan-born; nor could his eye not ken

XI-397. Th' Empire of Negus to his utmost Port / Ercoco and the less Maritim Kings

XI-399. Mombaza, and Quiloa, and Melind,

XI-400. And Sofala thought Ophir, to the Realme

XI-401. Of Congo, and Angola fardest South; / Or thence from Niger Flood to Atlas Mount

XI-403. The Kingdoms of Almansor, Fez and Sus, / Marocco and Algiers, and Tremisen;

XI-405. On Europe thence, and where Rome was to sway / The World: in Spirit perhaps he also saw

XI-407. Rich Mexico the seat of Motezume,

XI-408. And Cusco in Peru, the richer seat / Of Atabalipa, and yet unspoil'd

XI-410. Guiana, whose great Citie Geryons Sons / Call El Dorado: but to nobler sights

XI-412. Michael from Adams eyes the Filme remov'd / Which that false Fruit that promis'd clearer sight / Had bred; then purg'd with Euphrasie and Rue / The visual Nerve, for he had much to see; / And from the Well of Life three drops instill'd.

XI-417. So deep the power of these Ingredients pierc'd, / Eevn to the inmost seat of mental sight, / That Adam now enforc't to close his eyes, / Sunk down and all his Spirits became intranst:

XI-421. But him the gentle Angel by the hand / Soon rais'd, and his attention thus recall'd.

XI-423. Adam, now ope thine eyes, and first behold / Th' effects which thy original crime hath wrought / In some to spring from thee, who never touch'd / Th' excepted Tree, nor with the Snake conspir'd, / Nor sinn'd thy sin, yet from that sin derive / Corruption to bring forth more violent deeds.

XI-429. His eyes he op'nd, and beheld a field, / Part arable and tilth, whereon were Sheaves / New reapt, the other part sheep-walks and foulds;

XI-432. Ith' midst an Altar as the Land-mark stood / Rustic, of grassie sord; thither anon

XI-434. A sweatie Reaper from his Tillage brought / First Fruits, the green Eare, and the yellow Sheaf,

XI-436. Uncull'd, as came to hand; a Shepherd next / More meek came with the Firstlings of his Flock / Choicest and best; then sacrificing, laid

XI-439. The Inwards and thir Fat, with Incense strew'd, / On the cleft Wood, and all due Rites perform'd.

XI-441. His Offring soon propitious Fire from Heav'n / Consum'd with nimble glance, and grateful steame;

XI-443. The others not, for his was not sincere;

XI-444. Whereat hee inlie rag'd, and as they talk'd, / Smote him into the Midriff with a stone / That beat out life; he fell, and deadly pale / Groand out his Soul with gushing bloud effus'd.

XI-448. Much at that sight was Adam in his heart / Dismai'd, and thus in haste to th' Angel cri'd.

XI-450. O Teacher, some great mischief hath befall'n / To that meek man, who well had sacrific'd; / Is Pietie thus and pure Devotion paid?

XI-453. T' whom Michael thus, hee also mov'd, repli'd. / These two are Brethren, Adam, and to come / Out of thy loyns; th' unjust the just hath slain, / For envie that his Brothers Offering found / From Heav'n acceptance; but the bloodie Fact

XI-458. Will be aveng'd, and th' others Faith approv'd / Loose no reward, though here thou see him die, / Rowling in dust and gore. To which our Sire.

XI-461. Alas, both for the deed and for the cause!

XI-462. But have I now seen Death? Is this the way / I must return to native dust? O sight / Of terrour, foul and ugly to behold, / Horrid to think, how horrible to feel!

XI-466. To whom thus Michael. Death thou hast seen / In his first shape on man; but many shapes / Of Death, and many are the wayes that lead / To his grim Cave, all dismal; yet to sense

XI-470. More terrible at th' entrance then within.

XI-471. Some, as thou saw'st, by violent stroke shall die, / By Fire, Flood, Famin, by Intemperance more

XI-473. In Meats and Drinks, which on the Earth shall bring

XI-474. Diseases dire, of which a monstrous crew / Before thee shall appear; that thou mayst know / What miserie th' inabstinence of Eve / Shall bring on men. Immediately a place

XI-478. Before his eyes appeard, sad, noysom, dark, / A Lazar-house it seemd, wherein were laid

XI-480. Numbers of all diseas'd, all maladies / Of gastly Spasm, or racking torture, qualmes / Of heart-sick Agonie, all feavorous kinds, / Convulsions, Epilepsies, fierce Catarrhs, / Intestin Stone and Ulcer, Colic pangs, / Dĉmoniac Phrenzie, moaping Melancholie / And Moon-struck madness, pining Atrophie / Marasmus and wide-wasting Pestilence, / Dropsies, and Asthma's, and Joint-racking Rheums.

XI-489. Dire was the tossing, deep the groans, despair / Tended the sick busiest from Couch to Couch; / And over them triumphant Death his Dart / Shook, but delaid to strike, though oft invokt / With vows, as thir chief good, and final hope.

XI-494. Sight so deform what heart of Rock could long / Drie-ey'd behold? Adam could not, but wept, / Though not of Woman born; compassion quell'd / His best of Man, and gave him up to tears / A space, till firmer thoughts restraind excess, / And scarce recovering words his plaint renew'd.

XI-500. O miserable Mankind, to what fall / Degraded, to what wretched state reserv'd!

XI-502. Better end heer unborn. Why is life giv'n / To be thus wrested from us? rather why / Obtruded on us thus? who if we knew / What we receive, would either not accept / Life offer'd, or soon beg to lay it down, / Glad to be so dismist in peace. Can thus

XI-508. Th' Image of God in man created once / So goodly and erect, though faultie since, / To such unsightly sufferings be debas't / Under inhuman pains? Why should not Man, / Retaining still Divine similitude / In part, from such deformities be free, / And for his Makers Image sake exempt?

XI-515. Thir Makers Image, answerd Michael, then / Forsook them, when themselves they villifi'd / To serve ungovern'd appetite, and took / His Image whom they serv'd, a brutish vice, / Inductive mainly to the sin of Eve. / Therefore so abject is thir punishment, / Disfiguring not Gods likeness, but thir own, / Or if his likeness, by themselves defac't / While they pervert pure Natures healthful rules / To loathsom sickness, worthily, since they / Gods Image did not reverence in themselves.

XI-526. I yield it just, said Adam, and submit. / But is there yet no other way, besides / These painful passages, how we may come / To Death, and mix with our connatural dust?

XI-530. There is, said Michael, if thou well observe / The rule of not too much, by temperance taught / In what thou eatst and drinkst, seeking from thence / Due nourishment, not gluttonous delight,

XI-534. Till many years over thy head return: / So maist thou live, till like ripe Fruit thou drop / Into thy Mothers lap, or be with ease / Gatherd, not harshly pluckt, for death mature:

XI-538. This is old age; but then thou must outlive / Thy youth, thy strength, thy beauty, which will change

XI-540. To witherd weak and gray; thy Senses then / Obtuse, all taste of pleasure must forgoe,

XI-542. To what thou hast, and for the Aire of youth / Hopeful and cheerful, in thy blood will reigne / A melancholly damp of cold and dry / To weigh thy spirits down, and last consume / The Balme of Life. To whom our Ancestor.

XI-547. Henceforth I flie not Death, nor would prolong / Life much, bent rather how I may be quit / Fairest and easiest of this combrous charge, / Which I must keep till my appointed day / Of rendring up, and patiently attend / My dissolution. Michael repli'd,

XI-553. Nor love thy Life, nor hate; but what thou livst / Live well, how long or short permit to Heav'n:

XI-555. And now prepare thee for another sight.

XI-556. He lookd and saw a spacious Plaine, whereon / Were Tents of various hue; by some were herds

XI-558. Of Cattel grazing: others, whence the sound / Of Instruments that made melodious chime / Was heard, of Harp and Organ; and who moovd / Thir stops and chords was seen: his volant touch / Instinct through all proportions low and high / Fled and pursu'd transverse the resonant fugue.

XI-564. In other part stood one who at the Forge / Labouring, two massie clods of Iron and Brass / Had melted (whether found where casual fire / Had wasted woods on Mountain or in Vale, / Down to the veins of Earth, thence gliding hot / To som Caves mouth, or whether washt by stream / From underground) the liquid Ore he dreind / Into fit moulds prepar'd; from which he formd / First his own Tooles; then, what might else be wrought / Fusil or grav'n in mettle. After these,

XI-574. But on the hether side a different sort / From the high neighbouring Hills, which was thir Seat, / Down to the Plain descended: by thir guise

XI-577. Just men they seemd, and all thir study bent / To worship God aright, and know his works / Not hid, nor those things last which might preserve / Freedom and Peace to men: they on the Plain

XI-581. Long had not walkt, when from the Tents behold / A Beavie of fair Women, richly gay

XI-583. In Gems and wanton dress; to the Harp they sung / Soft amorous Ditties, and in dance came on:

XI-585. The Men though grave, ey'd them, and let thir eyes / Rove without rein, till in the amorous Net

XI-587. Fast caught, they lik'd, and each his liking chose; / And now of love they treat till th'Eevning Star

XI-589. Loves Harbinger appeerd; then all in heat / They light the Nuptial Torch, and bid invoke / Hymen, then first to marriage Rites invok't; / With Feast and Musick all the Tents resound.

XI-593. Such happy interview and fair event / Of love and youth not lost, Songs, Garlands, Flours, / And charming Symphonies attach'd the heart / Of Adam, soon enclin'd to admit delight, / The bent of Nature; which he thus express'd.

XI-598. True opener of mine eyes, prime Angel blest, / Much better seems this Vision, and more hope / Of peaceful dayes portends, then those two past; / Those were of hate and death, or pain much worse, / Here Nature seems fulfilld in all her ends.

XI-603. To whom thus Michael. Judg not what is best / By pleasure, though to Nature seeming meet, / Created, as thou art, to nobler end / Holie and pure, conformitie divine.

XI-607. Those Tents thou sawst so pleasant, were the Tents / Of wickedness, wherein shall dwell his Race / Who slew his Brother; studious they appere

XI-610. Of Arts that polish Life, Inventers rare, / Unmindful of thir Maker, though his Spirit / Taught them, but they his gifts acknowledg'd none.

XI-613. Yet they a beauteous ofspring shall beget; / For that fair femal Troop thou sawst, that seemd / Of Goddesses, so blithe, so smooth, so gay, / Yet empty of all good wherein consists / Womans domestic honour and chief praise;

XI-618. Bred onely and completed to the taste / Of lustful appetence, to sing, to dance, / To dress, and troule the Tongue, and roule the Eye.

XI-621. To these that sober Race of Men, whose lives / Religious titl'd them the Sons of God, / Shall yield up all thir vertue, all thir fame / Ignobly, to the traines and to the smiles

XI-625. Of these fair Atheists, and now swim in joy, / (Erelong to swim at large) and laugh; for which / The world erelong a world of tears must weepe.

XI-628. To whom thus Adam of short joy bereft. / O pittie and shame, that they who to live well / Enterd so faire, should turn aside to tread / Paths indirect, or in the mid way faint! / But still I see the tenor of Mans woe / Holds on the same, from Woman to begin.

XI-634. From Mans effeminate slackness it begins, / Said th' Angel, who should better hold his place / By wisdome, and superiour gifts receav'd. / But now prepare thee for another Scene.

XI-638. He lookd and saw wide Territorie spred / Before him, Towns, and rural works between, / Cities of Men with lofty Gates and Towrs,

XI-641. Concours in Arms, fierce Faces threatning Warr, / Giants of mightie Bone, and bould emprise; / Part wield thir Arms, part courb the foaming Steed, / Single or in Array of Battel rang'd / Both Horse and Foot, nor idely mustring stood;

XI-646. One way a Band select from forage drives / A herd of Beeves, faire Oxen and faire Kine / From a fat Meddow ground; or fleecy Flock, / Ewes and thir bleating Lambs over the Plaine,

XI-650. Thir Bootie; scarce with Life the Shepherds flye,

XI-651. But call in aide, which makes a bloody Fray; / With cruel Tournament the Squadrons joine;

XI-653. Where Cattle pastur'd late, now scatterd lies / With Carcasses and Arms th'ensanguind Field

XI-655. Deserted: Others to a Citie strong / Lay Seige, encampt; by Batterie, Scale, and Mine,

XI-657. Assaulting; others from the Wall defend / With Dart and Jav'lin, Stones and sulfurous Fire;

XI-659. On each hand slaughter and gigantic deeds.

XI-660. In other part the scepter'd Haralds call / To Council in the Citie Gates: anon / Grey-headed men and grave, with Warriours mixt, / Assemble, and Harangues are heard, but soon / In factious opposition, till at last

XI-665. Of middle Age one rising, eminent / In wise deport, spake much of Right and Wrong, / Of Justice, of Religion, Truth and Peace, / And Judgment from above: him old and young

XI-669. Exploded, and had seiz'd with violent hands, / Had not a Cloud descending snatch'd him thence / Unseen amid the throng: so violence

XI-672. Proceeded, and Oppression, and Sword-Law / Through all the Plain, and refuge none was found.

XI-674. Adam was all in tears, and to his guide

XI-675. Lamenting turnd full sad; O what are these, / Deaths Ministers, not Men, who thus deal Death / Inhumanly to men, and multiply

XI-678. Ten thousandfould the sin of him who slew / His Brother; for of whom such massacher / Make they but of thir Brethren, men of men?

XI-681. But who was that Just Man, whom had not Heav'n / Rescu'd, had in his Righteousness bin lost?

XI-683. To whom thus Michael. These are the product / Of those ill mated Marriages thou saw'st: / Where good with bad were matcht, who of themselves / Abhor to joyn; and by imprudence mixt, / Produce prodigious Births of bodie or mind. / Such were these Giants, men of high renown;

XI-689. For in those dayes Might onely shall be admir'd, / And Valour and Heroic Vertu call'd; / To overcome in Battle, and subdue

XI-692. Nations, and bring home spoils with infinite / Man-slaughter, shall be held the highest pitch / Of human Glorie, and for Glorie done / Of triumph, to be styl'd great Conquerours, / Patrons of Mankind, Gods, and Sons of Gods, / Destroyers rightlier call'd and Plagues of men.

XI-698. Thus Fame shall be atchiev'd, renown on Earth, / And what most merits fame in silence hid.

XI-700. But hee the seventh from thee, whom thou beheldst

XI-701. The onely righteous in a World perverse,

XI-702. And therefore hated, therefore so beset / With Foes for daring single to be just,

XI-704. And utter odious Truth, that God would come / To judge them with his Saints: Him the most High

XI-706. Rapt in a balmie Cloud with winged Steeds / Did, as thou sawst, receave, to walk with God / High in Salvation and the Climes of bliss, / Exempt from Death; to shew thee what reward

XI-710. Awaits the good, the rest what punishment? / Which now direct thine eyes and soon behold.

XI-712. He look'd, and saw the face of things quite chang'd; / The brazen Throat of Warr had ceast to roar,

XI-714. All now was turn'd to jollitie and game, / To luxurie and riot, feast and dance, / Marrying or prostituting, as befell, / Rape or Adulterie, where passing faire / Allurd them; thence from Cups to civil Broiles.

XI-719. At length a Reverend Sire among them came, / And of thir doings great dislike declar'd, / And testifi'd against thir wayes; hee oft / Frequented thir Assemblies, whereso met, / Triumphs or Festivals, and to them preachd / Conversion and Repentance, as to Souls / In prison under Judgments imminent: / But all in vain: which when he saw, he ceas'd

XI-727. Contending, and remov'd his Tents farr off;

XI-728. Then from the Mountain hewing Timber tall, / Began to build a Vessel of huge bulk, / Measur'd by Cubit, length, and breadth, and highth, / Smeard round with Pitch, and in the side a dore

XI-732. Contriv'd, and of provisions laid in large

XI-733. For Man and Beast: when loe a wonder strange! / Of every Beast, and Bird, and Insect small / Came seavens, and pairs, and enterd in, as taught

XI-736. Thir order; last the Sire, and his three Sons

XI-737. With thir four Wives; and God made fast the dore.

XI-738. Meanwhile the Southwind rose, and with black wings / Wide hovering, all the Clouds together drove / From under Heav'n; the Hills to their supplie / Vapour, and Exhalation dusk and moist,

XI-742. Sent up amain; and now the thick'nd Skie / Like a dark Ceeling stood; down rush'd the Rain / Impetuous, and continu'd till the Earth

XI-745. No more was seen; the floating Vessel swum / Uplifted; and secure with beaked prow / Rode tilting o're the Waves, all dwellings else / Flood overwhelmd, and them with all thir pomp / Deep under water rould; Sea cover'd Sea,

XI-750. Sea without shoar; and in thir Palaces / Where luxurie late reign'd, Sea-monsters whelp'd

XI-752. And stabl'd; of Mankind, so numerous late, / All left, in one small bottom swum imbark't.

XI-754. How didst thou grieve then, Adam, to behold / The end of all thy Ofspring, end so sad, / Depopulation; thee another Floud, / Of tears and sorrow a Floud thee also drown'd, / And sunk thee as thy Sons; till gently reard

XI-759. By th' Angel, on thy feet thou stoodst at last,

XI-760. Though comfortless, as when a Father mourns / His Children, all in view destroyd at once; / And scarce to th' Angel utterdst thus thy plaint.

XI-763. O Visions ill foreseen! better had I / Liv'd ignorant of future, so had borne / My part of evil onely, each dayes lot

XI-766. Anough to bear; those now, that were dispenst / The burd'n of many Ages, on me light / At once, by my foreknowledge gaining Birth / Abortive, to torment me ere thir being,

XI-770. With thought that they must be. Let no man seek / Henceforth to be foretold what shall befall / Him or his Childern, evil he may be sure,

XI-773. Which neither his foreknowing can prevent, / And hee the future evil shall no less / In apprehension then in substance feel

XI-776. Grievous to bear: but that care now is past, / Man is not whom to warne: those few escapt

XI-778. Famin and anguish will at last consume / Wandring that watrie Desert: I had hope

XI-780. When violence was ceas't, and Warr on Earth, / All would have then gon well, peace would have crownd / With length of happy dayes the race of man; / But I was farr deceav'd; for now I see / Peace to corrupt no less then Warr to waste. / How comes it thus? unfould, Celestial Guide,

XI-786. And whether here the Race of man will end.

XI-787. To whom thus Michael. Those whom last thou sawst / In triumph and luxurious wealth, are they / First seen in acts of prowess eminent / And great exploits, but of true vertu void; / Who having spilt much blood, and don much waste / Subduing Nations, and achievd thereby / Fame in the World, high titles, and rich prey,

XI-794. Shall change thir course to pleasure, ease, and sloth, / Surfet, and lust, till wantonness and pride / Raise out of friendship hostil deeds in Peace.

XI-797. The conquerd also, and enslav'd by Warr / Shall with thir freedom lost all vertu loose / And fear of God, from whom thir pietie feign'd / In sharp contest of Battel found no aide / Against invaders; therefore coold in zeale / Thenceforth shall practice how to live secure, / Worldlie or dissolute, on what thir Lords / Shall leave them to enjoy; for th' Earth shall bear / More then anough, that temperance may be tri'd:

XI-806. So all shall turn degenerate, all deprav'd, / Justice and Temperance, Truth and Faith forgot; / One Man except, the onely Son of light / In a dark Age, against example good, / Against allurement, custom, and a World / Offended; fearless of reproach and scorn, / Or violence, hee of wicked wayes

XI-813. Shall them admonish, and before them set / The paths of righteousness, how much more safe, / And full of peace, denouncing wrauth to come / On thir impenitence; and shall returne / Of them derided, but of God observd

XI-818. The one just Man alive; by his command / Shall build a wondrous Ark, as thou beheldst, / To save himself and houshold from amidst / A World devote to universal rack.

XI-822. No sooner hee with them of Man and Beast / Select for life shall in the Ark be lodg'd, / And shelterd round, but all the Cataracts / Of Heav'n set open on the Earth shall powre / Raine day and night, all fountains of the Deep / Broke up, shall heave the Ocean to usurp / Beyond all bounds, till inundation rise / Above the highest Hills: then shall this Mount

XI-830. Of Paradise by might of Waves be moovd / Out of his place, pushd by the horned floud,

XI-832. With all his verdure spoil'd, and Trees adrift / Down the great River to the op'ning Gulf,

XI-834. And there take root an Iland salt and bare, / The haunt of Seales and Orcs, and Sea-mews clang.

XI-836. To teach thee that God attributes to place / No sanctitie, if none be thither brought / By Men who there frequent, or therein dwell.

XI-839. And now what further shall ensue, behold.

XI-840. He lookd, and saw the Ark hull on the floud, / Which now abated, for the Clouds were fled,

XI-842. Drivn by a keen North- winde, that blowing drie / Wrinkl'd the face of Deluge, as decai'd; / And the cleer Sun on his wide watrie Glass

XI-845. Gaz'd hot, and of the fresh Wave largely drew, / As after thirst, which made thir flowing shrink / From standing lake to tripping ebbe, that stole / With soft foot towards the deep, who now had stopt / His Sluces, as the Heav'n his windows shut.

XI-850. The Ark no more now flotes, but seems on ground / Fast on the top of som high mountain fixt.

XI-852. And now the tops of Hills as Rocks appeer;

XI-853. With clamor thence the rapid Currents drive / Towards the retreating Sea thir furious tyde.

XI-855. Forthwith from out the Arke a Raven flies, / And after him, the surer messenger, / A Dove sent forth once and agen to spie / Green Tree or ground whereon his foot may light;

XI-859. The second time returning, in his Bill / An Olive leafe he brings, pacific signe:

XI-861. Anon drie ground appeers, and from his Arke / The ancient Sire descends with all his Train; / Then with uplifted hands, and eyes devout, / Grateful to Heav'n, over his head beholds

XI-865. A dewie Cloud, and in the Cloud a Bow / Conspicuous with three listed colours gay, / Betok'ning peace from God, and Cov'nant new.

XI-868. Whereat the heart of Adam erst so sad / Greatly rejoyc'd, and thus his joy broke forth.

XI-870. O thou that future things canst represent / As present, Heav'nly instructer, I revive / At this last sight, assur'd that Man shall live / With all the Creatures, and thir seed preserve.

XI-874. Farr less I now lament for one whole World / Of wicked Sons destroyd, then I rejoyce / For one Man found so perfet and so just, / That God voutsafes to raise another World / From him, and all his anger to forget.

XI-879. But say, what mean those colourd streaks in Heavn,

XI-880. Distended as the Brow of God appeas'd, / Or serve they as a flourie verge to binde / The fluid skirts of that same watrie Cloud, / Least it again dissolve and showr the Earth?

XI-884. To whom th' Archangel. Dextrously thou aim'st;

XI-885. So willingly doth God remit his Ire, / Though late repenting him of Man deprav'd, / Griev'd at his heart, when looking down he saw / The whole Earth fill'd with violence, and all flesh / Corrupting each thir way; yet those remoov'd,

XI-890. Such grace shall one just Man find in his sight, / That he relents, not to blot out mankind, / And makes a Covenant never to destroy / The Earth again by flood, nor let the Sea / Surpass his bounds, nor Rain to drown the World / With Man therein or Beast; but when he brings

XI-896. Over the Earth a Cloud, will therein set / His triple-colour'd Bow, whereon to look

XI-898. And call to mind his Cov'nant: Day and Night, / Seed time and Harvest, Heat and hoary Frost / Shall hold thir course, till fire purge all things new, / Both Heav'n and Earth, wherein the just shall dwell.

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